What Types of Chargers are Available?
Electric vehicle chargers are classified into four broad categories: Level 1, Level 2, DC fast chargers and Ultra-high power chargers. Some are right for C-stores, others are not.
Level 1: L1 charging is the slowest form of charging with minimal requirements. The charger can be plugged into a standard 120-volt AC outlet. As such, these chargers are most used in residential settings.
Level 2: L2 chargers are the most prevalent chargers today, due to their cost-effectiveness and use-case applicability. L2 chargers are found homes, shopping centers and office buildings and serve as the primary charger type used in various light-duty fleet applications.
DC Fast Chargers: Electricity is distributed from the grid to the charger, and then directly delivered to the EV’s battery. At this time, this is the ideal charger for C-stores.
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Ultra-High Power: UHP chargers will play a unique role in the future as infrastructure needs grow, battery technologies advance, and EV drivers demand faster-charging solutions. These chargers are ideal for longer trips or if an EV driver needs to quickly charge due to unique circumstances.
How Do the Connectors Work?
In the United States (US), there are four major types of charge connectors used: J1772, CCS Type 1, CHAdeMO and Telsa. These connectors deliver varying types of power levels and are compatible with different EV types.
As technologies continue to develop throughout the electric vehicle ecosystem, the prevalence and power capabilities of different charger types will continue to evolve. With a clear understanding of the EV charging landscape, you will be well-positioned to navigate and help drive the world’s path to electrification.
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